The Gold Coast is a coastal city located in the South East of the state of Queensland. The Gold Coast´s metropolitan area converges with that of Greater Brisbane giving shape to an urban conurbation of more than 3 million people. The area boomed in the 1980s thanks to the rising tourism industry so that by the mid-1990s the Gold Coast City local government area had come to encompass the majority of the Gold Coast´s metropolitan area, thus becoming the second most populous local government area in the country after the City of Brisbane. Gold Coast is still nowadays a major tourist destination and it is Australia´s fastest growing large city, with a 5-year annual average population growth rate of 3.4% compared to 1.2% for Australia. Gold Coast´s industry is largely based on tourim which can count on almost 10 million visitors per year to the area.
Gold Coast is one of the most diverse Australian cities in terms of biodiversity, with 49% of its land area being native vegetation. The City is almost home to the World Heritage-listed Gondwana rainforests and the Ramsar Convention-listed coastal wetlands of southern Moreton Bay. The City Council´s commitment is threefold: in ensuring landscapes and wildlife conservation, in promoting sustainable living (climate control, energy conservation, sustainable building and renovating, sustainable transport, water and recycling management) and in introducing disaster management policies.