Known as one of the main industrial and economic hubs in Brazil, mainly connected to the automobile, chemical and metallurgical industries, the Region of the Greater ABC presented an emission profile strongly related to industrial activities and logistics.
The study on the profile of emissions and priority sectors for action in the Greater ABC Region focuses on Diadema, Mauá, Ribeirão Pires, Rio Grande da Serra, São Bernardo do Campo, Santo André and São Caetano do Sul. It was launched one year after the Consortium´s mayors joined the global movement Compact of Mayors, which brings together local leaders to tackle climate change and it was conducted by ICLEI's climate change manager, Igor Albuquerque.
This is one of the first regional inventories in Brazil using the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) methodology, developed by ICLEI, World Resources Institute and C40 - Cities Climate Leadership Group.
"We are leaving a great legacy for the region and a great learning opportunity for other municipalities," said Hamilton Lacerda, Director of Programs and Projects of the Greater ABC Intermunicipal Consortium, about the study.
He acknowledged the importance of the work, considering the current context of urgency for local action on climate and thanked the work done by ICLEI, highlighting the role of capacity building and awareness raising of the organization.
Since the initial commitment of the political leaders of the seven municipalities, a series of meetings and workshops have been held with managers and technicians, in partnership with ICLEI, to identify the region's main demands, collect data and set priorities for action.
The GreenClimateCities (GCC) methodology, designed by ICLEI, was used to elaborate the climate strategy of the Region, which establishes a step-by-step roadmap for the development of a low carbon strategy by local governments.
Rodrigo Perpétuo, ICLEI's executive secretary for South America, emphasized that the initiative is pioneering in the way it has established a governance model that has resulted in strategic planning for the seven municipalities, which can serve as an example for other national and international consortium groups.
For Debora Diogo, coordinator of the Civil Defense Working Group, who participated in the preparation of the Inventory, the Greater ABC Region already feels the impacts of climate change like any other major metropolis, such as the more frequent occurrence of floods and destruction and loss of infrastructure.
She also highlighted the pioneering aspect of this initiative for regional integration among municipalities. "It is a very important and very rare action in Brazil and in the world."
The launch of the Inventory also proposes the analysis on which model of economic development the Region wants to pursue from now on. "There are cities around the world that are banning the use of diesel fuel, limiting the circulation of cars and even interdicting access to cars in many ways. The ABC Region historically has an industry with a strong emphasis on automotive production, but the direction of development is changing. What will be the future we are looking at? "
In addition to the Inventory, the Consortium will launch in 2017 its Action Plan to Combat Climate Change, prepared in partnership with ICLEI.
Check out the full publication with the consolidated results of the Inventory.
The full article is available in Portuguese and Spanish